Stakeholders at Odisha Vikash Conclave 2016 have outlined the theme to and design the road map as a part of good governance and sustainable development.
Odisha lags behind many other states in key nutrition outcomes. The prevalence of stunting and wasting among the children less than 5 years of age is 38.2% and 18%, respectively (RSOC-2013-14). 62% of women and 65% children are anaemic and chronically energy deficient. Moreover, a large section of the tribal suffer from sickle cell anaemia. Stunting among the tribal children and Other Backward Caste (OBC) Children is 46.1% and 41.3% respectively. Malnutrition has a consequence on productivity, GDP, infant mortality and economy. With investments in food and nutrition related initiatives, the state can remove the age old poverty and the backward tag that has plagued it for centuries.
The National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 has a clear mandate for the ‘Food and Nutrition Security’ in a life cycle approach. Odisha is one of the pioneering states to establish ‘State Food Commision’ for the purpose of monitoring and review of implementation of this act. The Government of India is prioritising actions on nutrition. The revamped Prime Minister’s Nutrition council, National Nutrition Mission, mandatory food fortification, direct benefit cash transfer, increasing the cost of supplementary nutrition, special programs on maternity benefit, adolescent girl, deworming and sanitation provide opportunity for the nutrition in the country. The government of Odisha must take these advantages. India is a signatory to World Health Assembly (WHA) goal which mandates reduction of stunting, wasting, anemia among children with a defined target. Similarly, Sustainable Development Goal II mandates to end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round by 2030. In this context, Odisha’s nutrition policy and action needs a reflection and paradigm shift in view of in –country and global developments. Strong political will and people’s movement are required to address the issues of under nutrition.
Keeping in view the situations in the State of Odisha and the nutrition agenda of the National government, the Odisha Development Conclave-2016 would focus on the following key areas to deliberate on the issues of Food & Nutrition Security in the State.
- Nutrition: the issues of access and equity in the State
- The policy & institutional framework
- Coordination, convergence and synergy between depts.-way to achieve the nutrition out comes
- Nutrition Governance and down ward accountability
- People’s participation
- Sharing of good practices and the opportunity to scale up