Stakeholders at Odisha Vikash Conclave 2016 have outlined the theme to and design the road map as a part of good governance and sustainable development.
There are 175.42 lakh unorganized workers out of which 86.1% are from rural and 24.38% are from the urban areas in Odisha. The Census 2011 reveals that there has been an increase of 22.9% of total workers in 2011 over 2001. The marginal workers constitute 39% of the total workforce out which a staggering 82% of workers are engaged for only 3-6 months and 18% workers are engaged for less than 3 months. In Odisha, nearly 135,000 people migrate for work to other states. Informal sources put the migrant workers as 2 million. More than 6,000 bonded laborers were identified in Odisha and are yet to be rehabilitated. In 1997, the government identified 160,000 child labour and still child labour continues to exist in large numbers. About 800,000 workers are involved in kendu leaf plucking in Odisha and are deprived of remunerative wage and social welfare. The declared minimum wages for domestic workers in 2009 is yet to be implemented in Odisha. Close to 6.6 million households have enrolled into the MGNREGA in the State out of which only 1.3 million are being provided employment and a meager 1% has received 100 days of work. The MGNREGA in Odisha has reportedly failed.
The Government of Odisha in 2015 revised the minimum wage for workers; however the revision is yet to be done for workers under the MGNREGA. The Odisha Building & Other construction Workers Welfare Board is a significant step for providing social security for workers and has enrolled 4,76,779 unorganized workers. The Government of Odisha in 2013 enhanced work under the MGNREGA in Nuapada and Bolangir districts by an additional 50 days to reduce distress migration and the Panchayati Raj Dept came up with a state action plan to tackle distress migration in 11 district of Odisha. The State has set up Odisha Skill Development Authority (OSDA) with a budget of Rs. 1 billion to train 8 lakh youth in Odisha.
In the given context, the Odisha Development Conclave-2016 would focus on the following key areas for discussion and deliberations and to come out with policy recommendations.
- Comprehensive census and mapping of unorganised, informal and disguised workers in Odisha
- Setting up of a Welfare Board for non-construction workers and creation of welfare fund
- Policy to stop disguise and distress migration; initiate inter-state MOUs for non exploitative labour and social security.
- Registration and monitoring of labour contractor/placement agency
- Special labour cell for grievance redress of migrant workers
- Strengthening district/sub-divisional vigilance committee on bonded labour.
- Complete ban on child labour in Odisha.
- Implementation of 2009 domestic workers minimum wage,
- How to revive MGNREGA, streamline its deliverable, allocate higher budget, enhance wages, increase workdays and improve MGNREGA governance.
- Promotion of both continuing education and skill promotion
- Sharing of good practices and the opportunity to scale up